Comparable Characterization of Nanocellulose Extracted from Bleached Softwood and Hardwood Pulps

Bin Li;WenYang Xu;Dennis Kronlund;Jan-Erik Eriksson;Anni Mttnen;Stefan Willfr;ChunLin Xu

In this study, the characteristics of nanocellulose extracted from bleached softwood and hardwood pulps by formic acid hydrolysis followed by TEMPO-mediated oxidation were compared using transmission electron microscopy(TEM), atomic force microscopy(AFM), Fourier transform infrared analysis(FT-IR), X-ray diffraction(XRD), and thermal gravimetric analysis(TGA). The experimental results showed that the nanocellulose products derived from spruce pulp exhibited a relatively larger particle size, higher crystallinity, and higher thermal stability, compared with the corresponding products obtained from aspen pulp under the same conditions.Furthermore, the study helped establish that the properties of the nanocellulose products were highly dependent on the nature of the starting materials unde... (共10页)
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